Suitable gingiva formers are selected based on the type and anatomy of the future restoration and the gingiva height. Hybrid prostheses usually require narrow gingiva formers and cemented solo implants, narrow or wide gingiva formers depending on the anatomical conditions. When treating significantly disparallel implants or an extensive screw-retained restoration, a bridge gingiva former B often represents a suitable solution. Besides the inner geometry of the implant, the gingiva former also covers the implant’s external platform.
- The gingiva former should extend over the edge of the adapted soft tissue by 1.0 to 2.0 mm, thus preventing it from becoming covered by edematous tissue during the post-operative period. The gingiva former's diameter must match the diameter of the abutment to be used for the final restoration.
- The tightening torque of the gingiva former is 5–10 Ncm – light finger force.